Great Lakes Stopover Map Tool: Resources

Key stopover papers

These papers were selected from among the Huge Stopover Bibliography to include studies of each of the bird groups (landbirds, shorebirds, and waterfowl) that (1) may be generally applicable throughout the Great Lakes region, and (2) that have been done in different parts of the Great Lakes basin. Many other papers cited in the bibliography complement the papers noted below, including detailed site-specific information that will be useful for implementing on the ground conservation strategies. Hover over the title to get a brief description of the article.

  • Bonter, D.N., S.A. Gauthreaux, Jr., and T.M. Donovan. 2009. Characteristics of important stopover locations for migrating birds: Remote sensing with radar in the Great Lakes basin.Conservation Biology 23:440-448.
  • Buler, J.J. and D.K. Dawson. 2014. Radar analysis of fall migration stopover sites in the northeastern U.S. The Condor Ornithological Applications 116:357-370.
  • Diehl, R.H., R.P. Larkin, and J.E. Black. 2003. Radar observations of bird migration over the Great Lakes. The Auk 120:278-290.
  • Dunn, E.H. 2000. Temporal and spatial patterns of mass gain of Magnolia Warblers during migration. The Auk 117:12-21.
  • Ewert, D.N., G.J. Soulliere, R.D. Macleod, M.C. Shieldcastle, P.G. Rodewald, E. Fujimura, J. Shieldcastle, and R.J. Gates. 2006. Migratory bird stopover site attributes in the western Lake Erie basin. Final report, George Gund Foundation.
  • Ewert, D.N., M.J. Hamas, R.J. Smith, M.E. Dallman, and S.W. Jorgensen. 2011. Distribution of migratory landbirds along the northern Lake Huron shoreline. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123:536-547.
  • Faaborg, J., R.T. Holmes, A.D. Anders, K.L. Bildstein, K.M. Dugger, S.A. Gauthreaux, Jr., P. Heglund, K.A. Hobson, A. E. Jahn,
    D.H. Johnson, S.C. Latta, D.J. Levey, P.P. Marra, C.L. Merkford, E. Nol, S.I. Rothstein, T.W. Sherry, T.S. Sillett, F.R. Thompson III, and N. Warnock. 2010. Conserving migratory land birds in the New World: Do we know enough? Ecological Applications 20:398-418.
  • France, K.E., M. Burger, M.D. Schlesinger, K.A. Perkins, M. MacNeil, D. Klein and D.N. Ewert. 2012. Final report for Lake Ontario Migratory Bird Stopover Project. Prepared by The Nature Conservancy for the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (Grant C303907 from the New York Great Lakes Protection Fund). Available from
  • Lott, K.D., M. Seymour, and B. Russell. 2011. Mapping pelagic bird distribution and abundance as a decision-making tool for offshore wind turbine development and conservation planning.
  • Petit, D.R. 2000. Habitat use by landbirds during Nearctic-Neotropical migration routes: implications for conservation of stopover habitats. Studies in Avian Biology 20: 15-33.
  • Potter, B.A., R.J. Gates, G.J. Soulliere, R.P. Russell, D.A. Granfors, and D.N. Ewert. 2007. Upper Mississippi River and Great Lakes Joint Venture Shorebird Habitat Conservation Strategy. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Fort Snelling, MN. 101 pp.
  • Soulliere, G.J., B.A. Potter, J.M. Coluccy, R.C. Gatti, C.L. Roy, D.R. Luukkonen, P.W. Brown, and M.W. Eicholz. 2007. Upper Mississippi River and Great Lakes Region Joint Venture Waterfowl Habitat Conservation Strategy. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Fort Snelling, Minnesota, USA.

Stopover bibliography

Download stopover bibliography here.

This bibliography lists more than 1,200 scientific papers on stopover sites for songbirds, waterfowl, and shorebirds. Papers referencing related topics, such as connectivity between wintering and breeding areas of various species, are also included. Search the titles for particular topics or geographic regions of interest. The bibliography will be updated periodically.

Additional Resources

These span species-specific biology, general info on bird migration, conservation issues and topics that overlap with bird conservation, and spatial data that you might want to use in conjunction with the data available on our Map page. Please use this additional information to contextualize and help interpret our stopover habitat model and the maps.

If we’ve missed something on this list, please feel free to send us suggestions

Regional partners in migratory bird conservation and research (arranged by state):

National-scale information and data on bird migration

Collaborative efforts to protect birds (regional, national, international)

Bird life histories and biology

National/International organizations that focus on protecting birds (for local Great Lakes branches see Regional Partners section)

Wind Energy (national, regional, state)

Broad natural resource plans and other spatial data you may find useful:

New York: